Standard Deductions for 2018 and 2019

The basic Standard Deduction will nearly double in 2018 for all filing statuses.  The bonus deductions were retained in the new Tax Cut and Jobs Act for the elderly and blind.  

Filing Status20192018
Joint/QW24,40024,000
Single12,20012,000
HH18.35018,000
MFS12,20012,000
Elderly, Blind (married)1,3001,250
Elderly, Blind (unmarried)1,6501,550
Dependents1,1001,050

The personal exemption was eliminated in the Tax Cut and Jobs Act of 2018 for tax years after 2018 (until 2025) and replaced it instead with a $500 Family Credit for other dependents. However, the standard deduction was greatly increased which should be beneficial for many taxpayers.